You can see the Sulfur-crested Cockatoo in many funny videos circulating on the Web. There are many other species of Cockatoo , just as interesting to discover and breed. What are their characteristics and needs ?
Several species of parrots , large psittaciformes native to Australia, New Guinea and Indonesia, are called cockatoos .
Most of these birds are recognizable by their very lively feather crest or hoopoe .
Cockatoos form, with the elegant Cockatiel , the subfamily Cacatuines . The latter is subdivided into 3 tribes:
- The calyptorhynchinae : they are Cockatoo dark plumage (brown, gray, black …). Red-headed Cockatoo, Black Cockatoo, Banksian Cockatoo, Latham Cockatoo, Funeral Cockatoo, White-fronted Cockatoo and Baudin’s Cockatoo are some of them.
- The Cacatuini : this tribe Cockatoo bright plumage (white, gray …) includes the Sulfur-crested Cockatoo, but also the proboscis monkey Cockatoo, the Corella, the cockatoo corella, the Cockatoo Goffin, the Cockatoo Ducorps the Cockatoos of Philippines, Sulfur Cockatoo, Blue-eyed Cockatoo, Red-crested Cockatoo and White Cockatoo.
- The genus Nymphicus : it consists of the only elegant cockatiel
These birds need to stay active , play and have quality interactions with the humans who care for them. Very intelligent and curious , they are also particularly expressive and sometimes very noisy , both by their cries and by the human expressions they are able to repeat. Of aggressive behavior are also observed, especially from the male to the female in the Sulfur-crested Cockatoo. Their taming and education therefore require a lot of skill and patience .
As explained above, the origins of the Cockatoo are mainly located on the Indonesian archipelago and in Oceania. The genus Cacatua was identified by French ornithologist Louis Pierre Vieillot in 1817.
Some species have been described from the late 18 th century , while others have been much later, like the proboscis monkey Cockatoo by German zoologist Heinrich Kuhl in 1820 and Parakeet Cockatiel by Johann Georg Wagler in 1832.
Feeding a cockatoo
Cockatoos are omnivorous . In their natural environment, these birds feed on seeds , fruits , flowers , herbs , bulbs and even insects .
In captivity, they can be given commercially available meatballs , consisting of dried exotic fruits, agglomerated seeds and granules. A diet to supplement with seeds as treats , fresh fruits and vegetables , cooked beans (never raw), spinach and meticulously washed cabbage leaves .
Life of a cockatoo
The average life expectancy of a Cockatoo is around 50 to 60 years . It is therefore very long and the acquisition of such a bird should not be done on a whim. It is a great responsibility .
Moreover, the word “cockatoo” refers to this longevity , since it comes from the Malaysian term kakat? Wa, consisting of the expressions “kaka” (crow) and “t? Wa”, which means “old”.
Among the diseases likely to affect the Cockatoo, let us mention polyomavirosis , caused by a virus (polyomavirus) to which newborns are particularly vulnerable. Antibodies in healthy adults are usually strong enough to overcome them.
In Cockatoo also plagued the paramyxovirus responsible for nervous disorders , the Pacheco (or herpes) transmitted by ingestion of feces, leading to a fatal hepatitis , as well as psittachose . The latter is a zoonosis , since humans can be infected by inhaling the droppings of infected birds.