I decided to deal with the issue of the winter reproduction of birds because I often ask it myself. Maybe not in such a way but often, some people who follow me via my Facebook page, Instagram, or even on youtube, are surprised to see the evolution of my young parakeets in the middle of winter. As is the case right now.
Since in nature, according to the seasons and climatic conditions, birds reproduce in only one period of the year. Low temperatures, shortened days, and less abundant food cause birds to temporarily stop breeding and resume service with the onset of sunny days to begin a new chapter in their existence.
But sometimes, depending on the geographical areas and depending on the rainy and drought seasons, reproduction can take place over two periods of the year, as is the case in the tropics.
Is the reproduction of birds in winter possible?
So if I recap what I just said above, the process of reproduction kicks in if and only if the weather conditions and the abundance of food are right. It’s like a condition for solving a mathematical equation.
In captivity, birds that live indoors in a heated room, the answer to this question, and of course yes.
Fortunately, because many organizations and associations reproduce throughout the year for the conservation of endangered parrots. As is currently the case with Pairi Daiza in Belgium for the conservation and reproduction of the Spix’s Macaw, “Rio” for close friends.
On the other hand, for captive birds living in an outdoor aviary, this is often not possible, since they will behave exactly like nature birds and will wait for the right time to breed.
Conditions for better breeding success in winter
The room for future parents must be properly heated. In France, Belgium, or Quebec, our homes in winter are well heated, so this condition is normally respected. However, if your birds are in a poorly insulated room, a garage, a veranda, or a balcony…, it would then be necessary to heat a little more in order to maintain a homogeneous ambient temperature from 20 ° C minimum…
In both cases, make sure that the humidity in the room is suitable. An atmosphere that is too dry will compromise the hatching of the eggs …
Warning: During reproduction, low temperatures can have a critical impact on the female who could develop a laying ache due to the lack of energy to expel the egg. In addition, it would push the couple to spend much more than normal during brooding and feeding. So to exhaustion, which could be harmful to their health… To think about it!!!
The duration of sunshine
Lack of light is another determining factor that could hold back the pair from engaging in winter breeding. The young need to feed several times a day to develop. Which could explain blocking to recur.
However, they can still reproduce, but often babies are lost considerably due to insufficient feeding. Hence the failure of reproduction in winter.
To remedy this problem, it would simply be necessary to keep the room in a bright atmosphere for at least 14 hours a day. This will allow parents to better nourish their offspring.
If you have other birds that are not intended for breeding, you can move them to another room if you feel this will disturb them.
I have written a full article on the subject of interior light which you can read here.
The preparation of the couple before embarking on reproduction is essential.
First of all, provide them with a variety of foods, calcium, and vitamins. Ensuite offer them a quiet place to avoid any stress, then a suitable home so that the couple feels comfortable and a suitable nest.