Red-spectacled amazon

Red-spectacled amazon: 32cm. length and 295 grams. (Amazona pretrei) has the forecrownlores, front of the crown Yes upper cheeks up to the helmet ears, bright red; rear of crownnapemantleback yes grupa, green with narrow black band terminal in most feathersgreen collars; upper tail-coverts pale green. 
The front edge of the wingcarpal areaalula Yesprimary coverts, bright red; other coverts, narrow green with black tips.

Flight feathers, purple green blue tips. Below them wings are green.

The underparts are mostly green, slightly tinged with yellow, with black tips on most feathers which gives a scalloping effect; Red thighs; undertail-coverts pale yellowish green.

Green tail with a broad tip and pale yellowish-green red patches on the base of the internal webs of the outer three feathers. Bill pale yellow to pale orange based on upper jaw; orbital ring white; Orange IRIS; pardusco gray legs.

Is monotype. It is sometimes considered conspecific with Amazona tucumana, but they are at best considered to form superspecies.

  • Order : Psittaciformes
  • Family : Psittacidae
  • Genus : Amazona
  • Scientific name : Amazona pretrei
  • Quote : ( Temminck , 1830)
  • Protonimo : psittacus pretrei
  •  Brazil, Paraguay, Argentinian
  •  Silent.
  •  40 years or more.
  •  32cm.


red-spectacled amazon Parrot

This rider is strongly associated with Araucaria angustifolia forests for use as breeding season roosts. It prefers open savanna forests and low riparian forests for reproduction, with trees and conifers of the genus PodocarpusScotia Yes Celtic, and where Araucaria angustifolia are absent. Most records place it at elevations between 300-1,000 m, but they are distributed and breed at lower elevations in southern Rio Grande do Sul.

They disperse in pairs during breeding but are highly gregarious outside the breeding season. They form large community concentrations, often in exotic pinus or eucalyptus plantations.

The largest winter gatherings coincide with araucaria ripening seeds. flocks of 30 a 50 birds, composed of young adults and newborns, They can meet before dispersal, from the breeding grounds to the winter quarters.

Distribution and status

red spectacled amazon

Red-spectacled Amazon is endemic to South Brazil and distributed only in the states of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina ( Martinez, 1996 ). Some individuals have been recorded in the Mission forests, in the northeast of Argentina ( Chebez 1994 ) and they have recently been reported in Paraguay ( Lowcn et al., 1997 ).

Red-spectacled amazon is a Nomad type; They tend to concentrate on the remaining Araucaria forests southeast of Santa Catarina between March and June to feed on Araucaria augustifolia seed production.

During August and January, the Red-spectacled amazon are dispersed in small herds ranging from dozens to hundreds of individuals in a wide distribution across the state of Rio Grande do Sul, especially in habitats Cima da Serra FieldsEastern PlateauAlto UruguayCentral Depression Yes Southeast Saws.

The reduction in the supply of Araucaria seeds may have been the cause of the change in the diet of the Aracuri-Esmeralda Ecological Station in 1991 (canton a lot of capons ) in the areas around Southeast Santa Catarina.

Here, the remaining forests of Araucaria could provide enough seeds to feed the Amazon population. Intensive cattle grazing and agriculture have nearly eradicated the Araucaria habitat. These habitat impacts reduced natural regeneration and may also have reduced the number of nest sites in old trees.

a census in 1994 estimated the total population of the Red-spectacled Amazon at 10,000 individuals, Repeated surveys have shown population sizes near 12,600 individuals in 1996. and about 16,300 individuals in 1997 ( J. Martinez in litigation 1997, N. Prestes in proceedings 1997 ).


red-spectacled amazon parrot

The Red-spectacled amazon nests in hollow trees, for example, CaseariaOuillaja brasiliensis Yes ficus. Itself breeds in late September to January, with young and fledglings, generally in early December in the south. Clutch 2-4 eggs.


Foods reported include seeds of Araucaria angustifolia (especially important in May-August) Yes Podocarpus lambertii (important in some areas in January-February), fruits of EugeniaCampomanesia Yes Melia.

The scheme is modified with the city and the station. They take a variety of fruits in spring and summer (October to February), among others: CupaniaEugeniaPhytolaccaAllophylusNectandraOcoteaCampomanesiaCytharexylum, Myrcianthes, blepharocalyx, ficus Yes Martinicensis.

The diurnal movements cover 100 km, possibly in relation to food availability.


red-spectacled amazons

• Current IUCN Red List Category: Vulnerable.

• Demographic trend: Degressive.

The rationale for the Red List Category

The combination of a comparison of population estimates from 1971 to 1997 and deforestation rates over the same period suggest that the species has declined rapidly, qualifying the species as vulnerable. Current threats Habitat loss and capture suggest that this decline is likely to continue.

Justification of the trend

Una sospecha is undergoing rapid continuing population decline due to habitat destruction, degradation and fragmentation and illegal trade.

Current conservation actions

• Appendix I and II of CITES.

• This species is considered vulnerable nationally (Silveira y Straube 2008, MMA 2014) Yes protected by Brazilian law.

• There are breeding populations in five reserves and two southern winter feeding sites are protected ( Wege and Long 1995 ).

• However, less than 1% annual range and less than 4% of each seasonal range are in protected areas ( Marini et al., 2010 ).

• were provided artificial nests but not occupied ( Snyder et the ., 2000 ).

• Since 1991 It leads a public awareness campaign ( Prestes et al . , 1997, Snyder et the . 2000 ).

Proposed conservation measures

• Conduct surveys to obtain an updated population size estimate.

• Conduct periodic surveys to assess demographic trends.

• Investigate current levels of harvest for trade.

• Monitor rates of habitat loss and degradation.

• Protect breeding areas in Caçapava do Sul Yes Santana da Boa Vista.

• Improve the management of protected areas.

• Apply the law to collectors and, particularly, dealers, looking for vehicles between December and February ( Prestes et al ., 1997 ).

• Continue the awareness campaign.

Red-spectacled amazon in Captivity

Unknown until the 1980s, when small numbers reached Europe; not well known elsewhere.

relatively silent compared to other Amazonian species. Inquisitivas although generally quiet. They have a lovely nature, but they can be quite noisy at times, especially first thing in the morning and evening.

They become confident relatively quickly. outside the breeding season, They can be put in Colony System. hard chewers and excellent flywheels and stair climbers, so they need plenty of opportunity for exercise.

His breeding in captivity rarely succeeded.

Red-spectacled amazon is believed that the main threat to this bird is the illegal internal trade, especially in the municipalities of Lagoa VermelhaBarracaoEsmeralda Yes a lot of capons.

About 500 chicks are taken each year from nests to be sold in the major urban centers of Caxias do SulFlorianópolisCuritiba Y São Paulo ( Prestcs et al., 1997 ).

It is a species that must be kept in captivity in order to achieve its subsequent reproduction and inclusion in the wild.

SOURCE: Video Ark

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